The Private Pilot Licence allows you to fly all single engine aircraft that are classified as non-high performance during daylight hours under Visual Flight Rules.

A Private Pilot Licence may be enhanced with additional endorsements to allow the holder to fly floatplanes or multi engine aircraft as well as flight in any weather condition day or night.

A Private Pilot Licence is required by all students enrolling in a Commercial Pilot Program.

The minimum training requirements are outlined below.

Training Overview

The Private Pilot program is divided into two separate related paths, ground school and air instruction. Ground school will furnish you with the required background knowledge and understandings to successfully challenge the written examination, while the air instruction and solo practice will provide you with the skills required to succeed at the flight test.


A minimum age of seventeen (17) years old is required for a Private Pilot Licence. However flight training can be started as early as fourteen (14) years of age, as that is the minimum age required to obtain a student pilot permit.

Medical Requirement

All pilots are required to have a Medical Certificate. There are four categories of medical certificates and the process of obtaining a certificate will differ depending on the category and your age. The minimum category required for the Private Pilot Licence is a Category 3; however, students seeking careers as Commercial Pilots should obtain a Category 1 Medical Certificate.

The Medical examination must be performed by a Civil Aviation Medical Examiner. The fee for the examination will vary with the individual examiner, but is usually between $100.00 and $150.00. This fee is not normally covered under any medical plans.

Ground School

Ground school is conducted in a classroom setting. All students will be required to attend ground school for a minimum of 40 hours on the following subjects. The ground school classes are held on Monday and Wednesday evenings from 7:00 PM until 9:00 PM.

  • Theory of Flight
  • Licensing Requirements
  • Aerodynamics Airframes and Engines
  • Systems and Flight Instruments
  • Canadian Aviation Regulations
  • Meteorology
  • Human Factors
  • Pilot Decision Making
  • Flight Operations
  • Navigation Radio and Electronic Theory

Although Transport Canada requires a minimum of 40 hours on course, students can expect to receive approximately 55 hours of ground instruction. Ground school is 3 � months in duration.


Students will be required to demonstrate sufficient knowledge of the required subjects by obtaining a mark of no less than 60% on the written examination. The written examination is divided into four mandatory areas.

Air Law: regulations, rules and orders, air traffic services, practices and procedures, and licensing requirements

Navigation: navigation, radio aids and electronic theory

Meteorology: active weather and weather information

General Knowledge: airframes, engines and systems, theory of flight, flight instruments, flight operations and human factors

The written examination is actually a computer based exam which is administered by Transport Canada. The questions are in a multiple choice format.


Air instruction is separated into dual instruction and solo practice. During dual instruction students will be introduced to new exercises and practice previous exercises. Once a level of skill and competence has been reached students will fly solo in the aircraft to practice the air exercises.

Students will receive a total of 45 hours of the flight training while on course. The training requirements are divided up as follows:

17 hours of dual flight instruction

  1. 3 hours cross country flight
  2. 5 hours instrument flight
    (i) Of which 3 hours can be done in a simulator

12 hours of solo flight practice

  1. 5 hours cross country flight
  2. Cross country flight of not less than 150 nautical miles from the point of departure with two stops other than the point of departure

The remainder of the time requirements will be made of dual and solo training and practice.

Transport Canada requires that a minimum of 45 hours of flight training be completed while on course however this course is designed on a more realistic expectation of training requirements.


Following the completion of your flight training you will be required to complete a flight test. The flight test is conducted by a flight test examiner in an aircraft. During the flight test you will be tested on your understanding of aircraft performance, aircraft systems, emergency procedures and navigational skills. Additionally your performance of the required air exercises will be tested to the standard outlined in the Flight Test Guide Private Pilot Licence � Aeroplane.

Cost Estimate

17 Dual Flight Training $193.50 $3289.50
12 Solo Flight Training (C152) $141.00 $1692.00
On going Training
5 Dual Training $193.50 $967.50
3 Simulator Training $124.00 $372.00
8 Solo Training $141.00 $1128.00
10 Ground Briefings $52.50 $525.00
Ground School $400.00
Books & Materials (approximately) $255.55
Transport Canada Licensing Fee $55.00
Medical Examiners Fee $100.00
Flight Test Fee $300.00
Aviation Language Proficiency Exam $75.00
TOTAL: $9,159.55


  1. Aircraft rates are based on the C152 rates
  2. Costs are based on a minimum of 45 hours training
  3. Mandatory government taxes not included

Materials List

From the Ground Up $54.95
C172 / C152 Information Manual (POH) $29.95
Flight Training Manual $28.95
Vancouver VTA Chart $17.95
Vancouver VNC Chart $17.95
Douglas Protractor $7.95
ICAO Ruler $2.95
CX2 Flight Computer $79.95
Pilot Log Book $14.95
Total $255.55